Fifty pathways for transportation fuels are evaluated for their lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions. Forty-five of those involve hydrogen. Thirty-six pathways have been investigated for their energy use and thirty-one of those involve hydrogen. The hydrogen pathways that are studied include the following components:

The objectives of this work were to document the benefits of the use of natural gas as a vehicle fuel in three classes of vehicles. The vehicles classes that were of interest were:

The primary intent of this report is to cover most of the fuels currently being considered for FCV and to determine the GHG emissions in the Canadian context. GHGenius was used to calculate GHGs and is capable of calculating emissions in Canada and the United States so the results for the United States are also presented. There is some discussion of the likely results in Japan and Europe based on the carbon intensity of their electricity generating sectors. 

This study was undertaken to provide an analysis of the life-cycle emissions and life-cycle energy balance of the production of ethanol from several agricultural lignocellulosic feedstocks and its subsequent use as a motor fuel in blends with gasoline. The study focuses specifically on Southern Ontario, an area with a large agricultural land base, as well as one with a large demand for motor gasoline. Energy and emission analysis was conducted in this study for a base case ethanol production volume of 225 ML per year in 2000 and 2010. Further analysis was done to investigate the effects of annual ethanol production volumes of 500 ML, 750 ML and 1,000ML. The analyses were performed for four feedstocks, switchgrass, hay, corn stover and wheat straw.

This study was undertaken to provide an analysis of the life-cycle emissions and life-cycle energy balance of the production of ethanol from corn and its subsequent use as a motor fuel in blends with gasoline. The study focuses specifically on Southern Ontario, which is the largest corn growing area in Canada, as well as one with a large demand for motor gasoline. Energy and emission analysis was conducted in this study for a base case ethanol production volume of 225 ML per year in 2000 and 2010. Further analysis was done to investigate the effects of annual ethanol production volumes of 500 ML, 750 ML and 1,000ML.